Foreign Aid and Oxfam’s Post-2015 Development Goals

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For this post, I will be focusing on Malawi and the Republic of Congo and how foreign aid and the Oxfam Post-2015 Development Goals is relevant to them.

To begin, a Consolidated Appeals Process is defined as:

“…a programme cycle for aid organisations to plan, coordinate, fund, implement, and monitor their response to disasters and emergencies, in consultation with governments.”

In short, it is a way to collaborate between the many stake holders in a situation like the NGOs, government agencies, donors and others in order to ensure there is efficiency in the aid being delivered.

In 2005, Malawi had a Flash Appeal and the Republic of Congo has had many Consolidates Appeals Processes. In 2013 only, there was one conducted in July and December.

The GNI of Malawi is $12.49 billion according to the World Bank’s 2013 report and the GNI of the Republic of Congo is $21 billion.

Oxfam would like developed countries to designate 0.7% of their GNI as Official Development Assistance. This means that each country will commit additional funding to aid programming.

In Malawi, the ODA is met by several donors. In 2012, the net ODA/GDI was 24.8 percent. The first on the list in United States and the second is the United Kingdom.

By USAID Africa Bureau

By USAID Africa Bureau

In the Republic of the Congo, the ODA is met at 18.1 percent. Almost doubling the contributions of Japan, the United States is the first on the list of donors.

According to the Finance Degree Center, in 2012, the United States spent $37,680,000,000 in foreign aid overseas. The USAID produces a comprehensive report that can be found here.

The Policy Coherence for Development and the MDGs are connected by their work in the economic, social, environmental, and governance aspects of policy making.

According to the OECD:

“Every year, huge sums of money are transferred out of developing countries illegally. This report shows that coherent policies in OECD countries in areas such as tax evasion, anti-bribery and money laundering can contribute to reducing illicit financial flows from developing countries.”

OECD Countries

OECD Countries

The OECD uses the PCD approach in order to meet three key objectives:

  1. Countering negative effects of domestic policies in order to meet development goals
  2. Increasing a government’s capacity by analyzing the domestic policy goals
  3. Bridging the economic, social and environmental policies of a nation and mobilizing them to help support development practices.

I found learning about the Consolidated Appeals Process and the OECD really interesting. I didn’t know about either or their roles in development. Our reading this week in Dead Aid by Dambisa Moyo was also extremely interesting but I hope to read further this before reflecting on her insight on foreign aid. I’m looking forward to discussing it next week in class!

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